Abstracts Volumes 12-14

Abstracts Volume 12
Volume 12
Part 1, May 2010

Khalil, N. & Yağmur, E.A. pp. 1-6.
- Leiurus abdullahbayrami (Scorpiones: Buthidae), a newspecies for the scorpion fauna of Syria.

This studyreports second Leiurus species recorded first time for the Syrianscorpion fauna. The scorpion Leiurus abdullahbayrami Yağmur, Koç &Kunt, 2009, was recorded from Al-Hasakah Province and Homs Province. Morphology, ecological conditions and geographical distribution of the speciesare discussed.
Kaya, R.S., Kunt, K.B., Marusik, Y.M. & Yağmur, E.A. pp. 7-12.
- The firstrecord of genus Argyrodes Simon, 1864 (Araneae: Theridiidae) fromTurkey.

The theridiid spider Argyrodes argyrodes (Walckenaer, 1842) is recorded for the firsttime from Turkey. This represents a new spider genus and species record forTurkey. The characteristic features and drawings of both sexes are presented inthis study.
Seyyar, O. & Demir, H. pp. 13-16.
- Newrecords of ground spiders from Turkey (Araneae: Gnaphosidae).

Three groundspider species are recorded for the first time from Turkey: Leptodrassus albidus Simon, 1914, Nomisia excerpta (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) and Zelotes scrutatus (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872). Diagnostic descriptions andphotos of general habitus and male palpal organ of Leptodrassus albidus are provided. It is the first record of genus Leptodrassus from Turkey.
Demir, H., Aktaş, M. & Topçu, A. pp. 17-22.
- Additional notes on crab spider fauna of Turkey (Araneae: Thomisidae and Philodromidae).

The spider species Xysticus cor Canestrini, 1873 and Philodromus pulchellus Lucas, 1846 of families Thomisidae and Philodromidae are recorded from Turkey for the first time. Photographs of genitalia and general habitus of these species are presented.
El-Hennawy, H.K. pp. 23-31.
- Hersiliidaeof Sudan (Araneida: Hersiliidae).

Two species oftwo genera of family Hersiliidae are recorded from Sudan, i.e., Hersilia caudata Savigny, 1825 and Hersiliola eltigani sp. n. It is the first record of genus Hersiliola in Sudan. A distribution map of the two species in Sudan is presented.

Part 2, November 2010

Kurt, K., Eman, Ö.K., Demir, H. & Seyyar, O. pp. 33-44.
- The Turkish Harvestmen (Opiliones) with zoogeographical remarks.

The species of Turkish harvestmen fauna that were recorded by various authors from different localities of Turkey are zoogeographically evaluated. Also, chorotypes for each taxon are given with the zoogeographical remarks.
Özdikmen, H., Kurt, K. & Demir, H. pp. 45-46.
- A new name for a preoccupied specific epithet in the genus Metaphalangium Roewer, 1911 (Opiliones: Phalangiidae).

According to the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN, 1999), Metaphalangium strandi Caporiacco, 1948 is not correctbecause the specific epithet is illegitimate. The authors request the replacement name of the specific epithet starndi Caporiacco, 1948 and they suggest rhodesensis nom. nov. Accordingly, new combination is herein proposed for the species: Metaphalangium rhodesensis nom. nov. pro Metaphalangium strandi Caporiacco,1948 syn. n.
Uyar, Z., Kaya, R.S. & Uğurtaş,İ.H. pp. 47-60.
- Systematics of the philodromid spider fauna of Uludağ Mountain region (Araneae: Philodromidae) with a review of the Philodromidae in Turkey.

Philodromid spiders were collected between the years of 2006-2009 from the Uludağ Mountain, and they were examined. The paper presents distribution of 7 species from the genera Philodromus, Thanatus. Philodromus aureolus (Clerck, 1757) and then Thanatus atratus Simon, 1875 are themost dominant species among philodromids. Philodromus rufus Walckenaer, 1826 and Philodromus collinus C.L. Koch, 1835 are rare spiders. This paper presentsan annotate checklist of the Philodromidae of Turkey which includes 38 species of four genera.
El-Hennawy, H.K. pp. 61-75.
- Notes on Spiders of Africa.

It is a preliminary step in the way of assessment of spiders of Africa. How many spider species are recorded from Africa? what is their proportion to the world's described species? What is the difference between North African and sub-Saharan spiders?

Part 3, April 2011

Kielhorn, K.H. pp. 77-79.
- First record of Eresus algericus El-Hennawy, 2004 from Israel (Arachnida, Araneae).

Eresus algericus El-Hennawy, 2004 is recorded from Israel for the first time. This is the second record of the species. The holotype was found in Algeria in 1903.
Uyar, Z. & Uğurtaş, İ.H. pp. 80-86.
- New record species of Diaea Thorell, 1869 (Araneae: Thomisidae) for the Turkish spider fauna, with a review of theThomisidae of Turkey.

The spider species Diaea dorsata (Fabricius, 1777) of family Thomisidae is recorded for the first time in Turkey. Its characteristic features, drawings of genitalia, and description are presented. In addition, this paper presents an updated annotated checklist of the Thomisidae of Turkey which includes 83 species.
Danışman,T., Öztürk, N. & Ulusoy, M.R.  pp. 87-90.
- Two new theridiid records from Turkey (Araneae:Theridiidae).

This short paper reports two theridiid species which are new for the Turkish araneo-fauna. The characteristic features and photographs of Theridion hannoniae Denis, 1944 and Theridion hemerobium Simon, 1914 are presented. The total number of theridiid species recorded from Turkey is now 64.
El-Hennawy, H.K. pp. 91-112.
- Notes on Spiders of Africa – II (Madagascar, Seychelles, Aldabra, Comoro Is., Réunion, Mauritius, and Rodriguez).

This is the second step in the way of assessment of spiders of Africa. It is devoted to the spiders of the islands at the eastern side of the continent, i.e. Madagascar, Seychelles, Aldabra, Comoro Is., Réunion, Mauritius, and Rodriguez. The 60 families, 320 genera, and 847 species/subspecies recorded from these islands are listed in addition to the endemic species of each island.

Part 4, December2011

El-Hennawy, H.K. pp. 113-116.
- The first record of Cheiracanthium molle in Saudi Arabia.

Cheiracanthium molle L. Koch, 1875 of family Miturgidae is recorded from Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia. It is the first record of this species outside Africa.
Karabulut, H. & Türkeş, T. pp. 117-123.
- New records of Linyphiidae (Araneae) for Turkish araneo-fauna.

Bathyphantes similis Kulczyński, 1894, Bolyphantes alticeps (Sundevall, 1833), Centromerus sylvaticus (Blackwall, 1841), Mansuphantes fragilis (Thorell, 1875), Micrargus subaequalis (Westring, 1851), Neriene peltata (Wider, 1834), N. radiata (Walckenaer, 1841), Tenuiphantes cristatus (Menge, 1866), and T. jacksoni (Schenkel, 1925) are nine new records for the spider fauna of Turkey. The characteristic features and drawings of female genitalia and male palpal organs are presented. Distribution of these species is plotted on a map.
Türkeş, T. & Demir, H. pp. 124-134.
- Thomisidae and Philodromidae (Araneae) of the Central Anatolia Region, with a new record for Turkey.

Faunistic data, including zoogeographical distribution, of 28 species belonging to the families of Thomisidae and Philodromidae are presented. All species were collected from Central Anatolia Region in Turkey between 1996 and 2007. Philodromus buxi Simon, 1884 is recorded for the first time from Turkey.

Demircan, N. & Topçu, A. pp. 135-140.
- New records of family Lycosidae (Araneae) in Turkey.

Arctosa maculata (Hahn, 1822), A. stigmosa (Thorell, 1875), Pardosa aenigmatica Tongiorgi, 1966, P. blanda (C.L. Koch, 1833), P. mixta (Kulczyński, 1887), P. saltans Töpfer-Hofmann, 2000, and Pirata insularis Emerton, 1885 are identified as new records for the Turkish araneofauna to increase the number of Turkish lycosids from 63 to 70. Their characteristic features and illustrations are presented.
Danışman, T., Sancak, Z., Coşar, İ. & Erdek, M. pp. 141-143.
- A new linyphiid spider record from Turkey (Araneae: Linyphiidae).

This short paper reports one linyphiid species as a new record for the Turkish araneo-fauna. The characteristic features and photographs of Diplocephalus crassilobus (Simon, 1884) are presented. The total number of linyphiid species recorded from Turkey is now 90.
Kaya, R.S. & Uğurtaş, İ.H. pp. 144-153.
- The cobweb spiders (Araneae, Theridiidae) of Uludağ mountain, Bursa.

The cobweb spiders, Theridiidae, were collected from 57 different localities between 2002 and 2007 from the Uludağ Mountain, Turkey. A total of 355 adult specimens were examined and identified to species level. The family is represented by 12 species belonging to 6 genera in the study area. The Holarctic species are dominant among the Theridiids of this fauna.
Kaya, R.S., Uğurtaş, İ.H., Kunt, K.B. & Akkaya, A. pp. 154-157.
- The spider fauna of islands of Lake Uluabat, Turkey.

The survey of the spider fauna of islands of Lake Uluabat (Bursa), western part of Turkey, was conducted during the years 2003-2005. A total of 64 spider species belonging to 54 genera and 25 families were collected. The fauna showed that Palaearctic species are dominant.


Abstracts Volume 13
Volume 13

Part 1-2, September 2012

Lourenço, W.R. & Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. pp. 1-7.

About the enigmatic presence of the genus Scorpio Linnaeus, 1758 in Congo with the description of a new species from Niger (Scorpiones, Scorpionidae).

For almost a century, Scorpio maurus L., 1758 (Scorpiones, Scorpionidae) has been considered to be no more than a widespread and presumably highly polymorphic species. Recent investigation of the ancient classifications by Birula (1910) and Vachon (1952) have led to the consideration of several African populations at the rank of species. Two new species have also been described from Cameroon (Lourenço, 2009) and Sudan Lourenço & Cloudsley-Thompson, 2009), countries not previously recorded as containing members of the genus Scorpio. In the present paper, the enigmatic presence of the genus Scorpio in Congo has been tentatively clarified, and this record is attributed to mislabelling. A new species is also described from Niger. It is the first confirmed record of a species of Scorpio from that country.
Lourenço, W.R. & Simon, E. pp. 8-15.
Confirmation of a new species of Buthus Leach, 1815 from Alexandria, Egypt (Scorpiones, Buthidae).

During the last decade, the genus Buthus Leach, 1815 (Family Buthidae) was the subject of several studies. These concerned in particular the ‘Buthus occitanus’ complex of species. Several populations previously considered as subspecies or varieties were raised to the rank of species and many new species were also described. The majority of the species considered in these studies come mostly from Northwest Africa. In a recent paper, the questionable presence of the genus Buthus in Egypt, in other regions than Sinai, was reconsidered and one new species was described from the region of Siwa. In some unpublished notes by E. Simon, the genus Buthus was recorded from Alexandria, but these data were not confirmed subsequently. The material studied by E. Simon was recently ‘relocated’ in the collections of the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle in Paris. It is described here as a new species.
Graham, M.R., Stoev, P., Akkari, N., Blagoev, G. & Fet, V. pp. 16-26.
Euscorpius sicanus (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae) from Tunisia: DNA barcoding confirms ancient disjunctions across the Mediterranean Sea.

We used a DNA barcoding marker (mitochondrial cox1) to investigate the controversial natural occurrence of Euscorpius sicanus (C.L. Koch) in North Africa. We tested this hypothesis by comparing a sample collected from a mountain in Tunisia to disjunct populations in Sardinia, Malta, and Greece. Using these samples, and a few additional Euscorpius spp. from southern Europe as outgroups, we reconstructed the maternal phylogeny. We then used a molecular clock to place the phylogeny in a temporal context. The Tunisian sample grouped closest to a specimen from Sardinia, with both being more distantly related to E. sicanus from Malta, which is known to be genetically similar to samples from Sicily. Molecular clock estimates suggest an ancient disjunction across the Mediterranean Sea, with the divergence between samples from Sardinia and Tunisia estimated to have occurred between the Late Miocene and late Pliocene. The divergence date (mean = 5.56 Mya) closely corresponds with the timing of a sudden refilling of the Mediterranean Sea after it had evaporated during the Messinian salinity crisis. This rapid influx of water, in conjunction with tectonic activity, could have sundered connections between Euscorpius in North Africa and what is now the island of Sardinia. These results provide yet another case in which DNA barcodes have proven useful for more than just identifying and discovering species.
Sadine, S.E., Alioua, Y. & Chenchouni, H. pp. 27-37.
First data on scorpion diversity and ecological distribution in the National Park of Belezma, Northeast Algeria.

This study refers to the observations and collections of scorpions at National Park of Belezma (NPB), in Batna, Northeast Algeria. During the summer of 2006, the investigations conducted in the forests of Atlas cedar (Cedrus atlantica M.), of Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis L.) and Holm oak (Quercus ilex L.) resulted in collecting a total of 103 scorpion specimens representing three species, belonging to two different families. The family Buthidae is represented by Androctonus bicolor (relative abundance “RA” = 1.9%) and Buthus occitanus (RA = 82.5%). The family Scorpionidae is represented only by Scorpio maurus (RA = 15.5%). According to the canonical correspondence analysis (CCA), two groups with more or less homogeneous distribution are distinguished: A. bicolor and S. maurus frequent foothills dominated by the herbaceous layer between 900 to 1100 meters of altitude, while B. occitanus was found in high mountain habitats at more than 1300 meters of altitude where the covering of woody vegetation is high. The main habitats colonized by these species are discussed according to their orographic characteristics, general appearance of the substrate and the structure of vegetation cover.
Touloun, O., Boumezzough, A. & Slimani, T. pp. 38-50.
Scorpion envenomation in the region of Marrakesh Tensift Alhaouz (Morocco): epidemiological characterization and therapeutic approaches.

Morocco is a country in northwest Africa on the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean which presents an extremely diversified and rich scorpion fauna. In the Marrakesh Tensift Alhaouz region, scorpions have great medical importance where scorpionism remains a genuine public health problem for local populations. Scientific expeditions in this region, carried out since 1994, allowed us to record 11 species and subspecies that represent 28% of Moroccan scorpion fauna, including ten that are endemic to the country. The distribution maps of all these species had already been established and then updated, which allowed us to specify new factors affecting their distribution modes. The present epidemiological study on scorpionism through prospective investigation has shown the severity of this problem. Of 724 scorpion sting cases, 32 deaths were reported between 1996 and 2006. Androctonus mauritanicus (Pocock, 1902) is the most medically important scorpion species in the study area (responsible for 53% of cases). Respective elevated morbidity and mortality rates of 30% and 48% have been recorded from accidents occurring in dwelling interiors. Limb extremities comprise the body areas that most exposed to stings (59%) which occurred predominantly during the summer period (53%). The age group most affected ranged from 16 to 30 years old (42%). This study determined some epidemiological characteristics of these envenomations and established their causes, origins and consequences.
Omran, M.A.A. pp. 51-64.
The Scorpion and its Venom (Review Article).

The current article describes one of the most fascinating animals, the scorpion, and its miraculous and amazing venom. Also, it will deal with and focus on the concept of intraspecific diversity of scorpions’ venom (a major source of novel pharmacologically important toxins) and its relation to the microevolution within a single species of scorpion as well as its implication on the pathophysiological effects. This commentary will be divided into several “scenes” trying to make it interesting rather than boring scientific subject.
Yiğit, N., Erdek, M., Koç, H., Bayram, A. & Melekoğlu, A. pp. 65-72.
The comparative morphology of the suctorial organ of the male Biton zederbaueri and Gluviopsilla discolor (Arachnida: Solifugae: Daesiidae).

Solifuges possess suctorial organs at the tip of the distal tarsus of each pedipalp, as distinct from other arachnids. By means of this organ solifuges can climb smooth, vertical surfaces and can also grasp prey. In the present study, the comparative morphology of male Biton zederbaueri (Werner, 1905) and Gluviopsilla discolor (Kraepelin, 1899) (Daesiidae, Solifugae) is studied by using light and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The suctorial organ is covered with upper and lower cuticular lips. The corrugated-adhesive structure of the suctorial organ protrudes between these cuticular plates. On the matatarsi of the pedipalps, there are filiform spines and hollow tubular spines that vary from species to species. Pore-like structures are described on the apex of the tarsus of the pedipalp.
Mitov, P.G. pp. 73-82.
Four new harvestmen records from Turkey (Arachnida: Opiliones).

Up till now, a total of 97 harvestmen species have been recorded from Turkey. The present study adds four further records – Mediostoma stussineri, Rilaena buresi, Rafalskia olympica bulgarica, and Dasylobus beschkovi – to the Turkish opilionid fauna. For each of these, detailed data on the collecting locality and general distribution are provided, and their conservation status is commented upon.
Bosselaers, J. pp. 83-90. 
Two interesting new ground spiders (Araneae) from the Canary Islands and Greece.

A new Zelotes species from the tenuis group, Zelotes henderickxi, is described from Tenerife, Canary Islands. A new and remarkable spider genus from the Greek Peloponnese, Vankeeria, is described, and attributed to Liocranidae. The genus is monotypic and known to date only from the type species, Vankeeria catoptronifera.
Thaler-Knoflach, B. & El-Hennawy, H.K. pp. 91-98.
Theridion incanescens Simon, 1890 and Theridion jordanense Levy & Amitai, 1982 new to the fauna of Egypt (Araneae: Theridiidae).

Theridion incanescens Simon, 1890 and T. jordanense Levy & Amitai, 1982 are succinctly described and recorded for the first time from Egypt. The male of T. jordanense is introduced for the first time. As taxonomic novelty the synonymy of Theridion egyptium Fawzy & El Erksousy, 2002 with T. jordanense is proposed.
Bosmans, R. & Gavish-Regev, E. pp. 99-103.
A new synonymy in a linyphiid spider from Egypt (Araneae: Linyphiidae).

Bathyphantes extricatus (O.P.-Cambridge, 1876) is transferred to the genus Sengletus Tanasevitch, 2008 n. comb. and Sengletus longiscapus Tanasevitch, 2008 becomes its junior synonym (N. Syn.). The species occurs in Egypt, Iran and Israel (new record).
Akpınar, A. & Varol, İ. pp. 104-107.
First record of family Cithaeronidae (Arachnida: Araneae) from Turkey.

Family Cithaeronidae is recorded for the first time from Turkey. Three males and four females of Cithaeron praedonius O.P.-Cambridge, 1872 were collected. Morphological features, zoogeographical distribution and description of the species are presented.
Danışman, T., Erdek, M. & Coşar, İ. pp. 108-110.
A new clubionid spider record from Turkey (Araneae: Clubionidae).

This short paper reports one clubionid species which is new for the Turkish araneo-fauna. The characteristic features and photographs of Clubiona terrestris Westring, 1851 are presented. The total number of clubionid species recorded from Turkey is now eight.
Coşar, İ., Danışman, T. & Erdek, M. pp. 111-113.
A new linyphiid spider record from Turkey (Araneae: Linyphiidae).

This short paper reports a linyphid species which is new for the Turkish araneo-fauna. The characteristic features and photographs of Meioneta punctata (Wunderlich, 1995) are presented. The total number of linyphid species recorded from Turkey is now 105.
Topçu, A., Türkeş, T., Demircan, N. & Karabulut, H. pp. 114-117.
New records of family Oonopidae (Araneae) in Turkey.

In this study, Opopaea punctata (O.P.-Cambridge, 1872) and Silhouettella loricatula (Roewer, 1942) of family Oonopidae are recorded from Turkey for the first time. Silhouettella osmaniye Wunderlich, 2011 was collected again from Turkey. The characteristic features of these species are described and illustrated.
Özdikmen, H. & Demir, H. pp. 118-120.
Two new names of the specific epithets cubanum and maculatum in Trichopelma cubanum (Banks, 1909) and Trichopelma maculatum (Franganillo, 1930) (Araneae: Barychelidae).

According to the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN, 1999), the authors request the rejection of the specific epithets of Trichopelma cubanum (Banks, 1909) and Trichopelma maculatum (Franganillo, 1930) [Family Barychelidae] and propose Trichopelma banksia comb. nov. and Trichopelma eucubanum comb. nov. instead of them.
Dippenaar-Schoeman, A.S., Lyle, R. & Van den Berg, A.M. pp. 121-127.
Bioinformatics on the spiders of South Africa.

Signatories of the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD) are obligated to develop a strategic plan for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. To meet the requirement of the CBD, the South African National Survey of Arachnida (SANSA) was initiated in 1997 by the Agricultural Research Council (ARC). The South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI) came on board for the project’s second phase in partnership with the ARC. During this four-year project an attempt was made to consolidate all the available data on South African spiders into one database. Two modules of the database are available online containing bioinformatics on families, genera and species as well as a virtual museum providing images of spiders. All this data was used to compile the First Atlas of the Spider Species of South Africa. Presently 71 spider families, 471 genera and 2028 species are known from South Africa, representing approximately 4.8% of the world fauna. Of the 2028 spider species, 1241 (61%) are endemic to the country. The third phase of SANSA started in 2011 and several bioinformatics actions are planned, such as Red Listing of species, a handbook series for all the biomes, publication of the atlas, and description of new species.
Bosmans, R. & Van Keer, J. pp. 128-168.
A review and new records of the comb-footed spiders in North Africa (Araneae: Theridiidae).

All previous records of Theridiidae occuring in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Egypt are summarized, and new data are presented. The following new synonyms are proposed: Theridion argus Lucas, 1846 = Steatoda lineiventris Pavesi, 1884 = Crustulina scabripes Simon, 1881 N. SYN. The following species are cited from North Africa for the first time: Asagena italica (Knoflach, 1996), Dipoena braccata (C.L. Koch, 1841), Parasteatoda lunata (Clerck, 1757), Robertus arundineti (O.P-Cambridge, 1871), Simitidion agaricographum (Levy & Amitai, 1982), Steatoda nobilis (Thorell, 1875), Theridion familiare O.P.-Cambridge, 1871 and Theridion hermonense Levy, 1991. A total of 99 species, of 30 genera, are recognised in North Africa at this time based on literature and own collecting efforts. Several other species await description.
Ghallab, M.M.A. pp. 169-181.
Preliminary study of the spiders inhabiting ornamental plants in Orman garden, Egypt (Arachnida: Araneae).

A survey of spider community composition and diversity associated with foliage of two ornamental plants (Lantana shrubs and Croton trees) was carried out in the Orman garden. Foliage beating, hand collecting and sweep nets were used. Numbers of collected spiders were pooled and analysed for species diversity using Shannon-Wiener Index, evenness, Simpson Index and Sørensen Quotient of Similarity.
A total of 567 spiders grouped in 13 families belonging to 34 genera and more than 34 species. Vegetation type influenced spider abundance. Lantana shrubs received 263 individuals belonged to 25 genera, 27 species of 13 families, while Croton trees received 304 individuals belonged to 21 genera, 22 species of 10 families.
Five families contained 85.17% of the total collected spiders; they are Miturgidae, Philodromidae, Salticidae, Theridiidae and Araneidae. Miturgidae was the most abundant family (20.1%) followed by Philodromidae (19.75%), Salticidae (18.3%), Theridiidae (14.6%) and Araneidae (12.3%). The other remaining families represented 14.6% of the total catch.
Guild structure analysis revealed seven feeding guilds namely, stalker, ground runner, foliage runner, ambusher, orb web spiders, space weaver and wandering sheet spiders. Guild structure varied considerably in relation to the structural quality of vegetation; the foliage runner, stalker and ambusher spider guilds were the dominant feeding guilds on Lantana representing 14.5, 12.3 & 11.5%, respectively of the total collected spiders, while the orb web spiders, the space weavers and the ambushers were the dominant feeding guilds on Croton representing 13.8, 12.8 and 12.7, respectively.
El-Hennawy, H.K., Medany, D.M., Orabi, G.M., Semida, F.M. & Abdel-Dayem, M.S. pp. 182-186.
The first record of Halodromus patellidens (Levy, 1977) (Araneae: Philodromidae) in Egypt.

Halodromus patellidens (Levy, 1977) of family Philodromidae is recorded from Ismailia, Egypt for the first time.
El-Hennawy, H.K. pp. 187-190.
The first record of Mermessus denticulatus (Banks, 1898) (Araneae: Linyphiidae) in Egypt.

Mermessus denticulatus (Banks, 1898) and genus Mermessus O.P.-Cambridge, 1899 of family Linyphiidae are recorded from Egypt for the first time.

Part 3-4, November 2013

Sarhan, M.M.H., Sayed, A.B., Mostafa, M.A. & Yasin, A.E. pp. 201-210.

Prey-capture behaviour of the Egyptian scorpion Scorpio maurus palmatus (Ehrenberg, 1828) (Scorpiones: Scorpionidae).

The scorpion Scorpio maurus palmatus, a desert dwelling burrower (Family Scorpionidae) is common in the North African and Middle East countries. In Egypt, it is recorded from Wadi Natrun, Cairo, Faiyum, Western Mediterranean Coastal Desert, Southern & Central Sinai, and Elba protected area. Despite of its wide distribution, little is known about its behavioural aspects. In this study, prey-capture by Scorpio maurus palmatus was observed in the laboratory. The behaviour components displayed in prey-capture were identified, compiled into a flow chart (ethogram), analyzed and discussed.
Coşar, İ. & Danışman, T. pp. 211-214.
New records for the spider fauna of Turkey (Araneae: Salticidae).

Two salticid spider species, Chalcoscirtus catherinae Prószyński, 2000 and Heliophanus curvidens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) are recorded for the first time from Turkey. Their morphology is briefly described and illustrated.
Arslan, M., Danışman, T. & Kunt, K.B. pp. 215-217.
A new oonopid spider record from Turkey (Araneae: Oonopidae).

This short paper reports one oonopid species which is new for the Turkish araneo-fauna. The characteristic features and photographs of Orchestina simoni (Dalmas, 1916) are presented. The total number of oonopid species recorded from Turkey becomes now 5 species.
Rizk, M.A., Ghallab, M.M., Zaki, A.Y. & Wahba, B.S. pp. 218-227.
The effect of some new miticides on the spider mite Tetranychus urticae in water melon crop and their side effects on spiders (Araneae) at Fayoum governorate, Egypt.

The efficiency of different groups of pesticides for suppressing the population of the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch, on water melon plants was studied. The pesticides include: I. three biochemical compounds: Yurmak 1.8% EC (Abamectin), Veto 5% EC (Abamectin), and Biofly 30x103 WP (Beauvaria bassiana),   II. three acaricides: Ortus 5% SC (Fenpyroximate), Acarots 5% EW (Fenpyroximate), and Prince 10% EC (Hexythiazox), and III. two mixture compounds: Nest 20% SC (Abamectin 2% + Spirodiclofen 18%) and Perfect 12% EW (Abamectin 2% +  Chlorfenapyr 10%). They were applied for one time to control T. urticae infesting water melon plants during the experiment period.
The different acaricides formulations were effective control of T. urticae at least two weeks after application. Abamectin (biochemical) was more effective in reducing T. urticae population than spiders and with less effect against associated predators, while Hexythiazox was the most harmful acaricide in reducing spider populations. The results will be used to develop IPM Programs with spiders in agricultural crops.

El-Hennawy, H.K. pp. 228-275.
Preliminary list of Lebanese spiders and other arachnids (except ticks and mites).

Six orders of class Arachnida were recorded from Lebanon; in addition to Acari (ticks and mites are outside the scope of this work). They are: Araneae (38 Families, 109 genera, 165 species), Scorpiones (2 Families, 10 genera, 12 species), Pseudoscorpiones (7 Families, 8 genera, 10 species), Opiliones (3 Families, 8 genera, 10 species), Solifugae (1 Family, 1 genus, 2 species), and Palpigradi (1 Family, 1 genus, 2 species). The total is: 52 Families, 137 genera, 201 species. Each order section includes recorded taxa with their localities, list of species, keys to scorpion species and families of spiders and pseudoscorpions.

Abstracts Volume 14

Part 1, May 2014

Bragina, T.M. & Yağmur, E.A. pp. 1-5.
New data on the distribution of Mesobuthus eupeus thersites (C.L. Koch, 1839) (Scorpiones: Buthidae) in Central Kazakhstan.

New data on the distribution of Mesobuthus eupeus thersites (C.L. Koch, 1839) (Buthidae) in Central Kazakhstan is presented. It is one of the most northern areas where this species was found in Asia. The species was collected in the south of Kostanay Province in the new protected area, Altyn Dala State Reservat (protected area established in 2012). The map with data of this species' distribution in Kazakhstan and in new areas is given with photographs.
Rossi, A. pp. 6-14.
The fragmented peri-Saharan distribution of the subgenus Pandinurus Fet, 1997 with the description of a new species from Chad (Scorpiones, Scorpionidae, Pandinus).

Despite their large size, the scorpions of the genus Pandinus Thorell, 1876 are surprisingly not sufficiently recorded in the African countries. This is particular true for the species that inhabit the Sahel zone, which seem to be very rare. The peri-Saharan pattern of distribution of the subgenus Pandinurus Fet, 1997 is very fragmented and this reflects the presence of endemic species such as the recent discovered Pandinus nistriae Rossi, 2014 in the northern Djibouti, where this genus was never recorded. In the present study, an additional new species, Pandinus (Pandinurus) vachoni, is described from Chad to represent the most western species of the subgenus Pandinurus ever recorded.
Zamani, A. pp. 15-18.
The first record of family Segestriidae Simon, 1893 (Araneae: Dysderoidea) from Iran.

The family Segestriidae Simon, 1893 and the species Segestria senoculata (Linnaeus, 1758) are recorded in Iran for the first time, based on a single female specimen.
Allahverdi, H. & Gündüz, G. pp. 19-21.
A new record for the araneofauna of Turkey (Araneae: Salticidae).

The salticid spider species, Pellenes epularis (O.P.-Cambridge, 1872) is recorded for the first time from Turkey. Its morphology is briefly discussed. Diagnostic description and pictures of general habitus and male palpal organ are presented.
El-Hennawy, H.K. pp. 22-58.
Preliminary list of spiders and other arachnids of Saudi Arabia (Except ticks and mites).

Seven orders of class Arachnida were recorded from Saudi Arabia; in addition to Acari (ticks and mites are outside the scope of this work). They are: Araneae (25 Families, 69 genera, 77 species), Scorpiones (3 Families, 14 genera, 23 species), Pseudoscorpiones (5 Families, 11 genera, 19 species), Solifugae (4 Families, 8 genera, 15 species), Opiliones (1 Family, 1 genus, 1 species), Palpigradi (1 Family, 1 genus, 1 species), and Amblypygi (1 Family, 1 genus, 1 species). The total is: 40 Families, 105 genera, 137 species. Each order section includes recorded taxa with their localities, list of species, and keys to families of spiders, scorpions, pseudoscorpions, and sun-spiders.
Four spider families (Araneidae, Corinnidae, Oonopidae, Palpimanidae), 7 genera [Arctosa ? (Lycosidae), Micaria (Gnaphosidae), Oecobius (Oecobiidae), Oxyopes (Oxyopidae), Runcinia (Thomisidae), Thanatus & Tibellus (Philodromidae)], and 2 species [Tibellus vossioni Simon, 1884 (Philodromidae) and Runcinia grammica (C.L Koch, 1837) (Thomisidae)] are recorded from Saudi Arabia for the first time.
Notes on four species, Runcinia grammica (Thomisidae), Tibellus vossioni (Philodromidae), Pterotricha dalmasi (Gnaphosidae), and Eusparassus laevatus (Sparassidae), are included with pictures of habitus, palpal organ and epigynum of these species.
Sallam, G.M.E., Abd El-Azim, N.A.I. & Mohafez, M.A. pp. 59-62.
Life cycle of Uroctea limbata (C.L. Koch, 1843) in Egypt (Araneae: Oecobiidae).

Uroctea limbata (C.L. Koch, 1843) spiders, of family Oecobiidae, were collected from greenhouses in Giza Governorate, Egypt. Its life cycle was studied in laboratory. Males reached maturity after 6-7 spiderling instars (230.7±3.4 days), and females after 7-8 spiderling instars (273.1±3.1 days). Spiders were fed on different instars of the cotton leaf worm. Food consumption and mating behaviour were observed. This study is a necessary step to know the role of U. limbata in biological control especially in greenhouses.

Part 2, November 2014

Danışman, T., Gündüz, G., Bayram, A., Coşar, İ. & Allahverdi, H. pp. 63-67.

Contributions to the knowledge of dictynid spider fauna of Turkey (Araneae, Dictynidae).

Three dictynid spider species, Altella lucida (Simon, 1874), Brommella falcigera (Balogh, 1935), and Lathys lehtineni Kovblyuk, Kastrygina & Omelko, 2014 are reported for the first time from Turkey. Their morphology is briefly described and illustrated.


Danışman, T. pp. 68-70.
First record of the linyphiid spider Walckenaeria furcillata (Menge, 1869) (Araneae, Linyphiidae) in Turkey.

This short paper reports the linyphiid species Walckenaeria furcillata (Menge, 1869) as new for the Turkish spider fauna. Its characteristic features and photographs are presented. The total number of linyphiid species recorded from Turkey is now 117.
Danışman, T. & Coşar, İ. pp. 71-72.
A poorly known species of the spider genus Araeoncus Simon, 1884 (Araneae, Linyphiidae) in Turkey.

A little known linyphiid spider species, Araeoncus tauricus Gnelitsa, 2005 is recorded for the first time from Turkey. Its morphology is briefly described and illustrated.
Touloun, O., Elhidan, M.A. & Boumezzough, A. pp.73-79.
Inventory and distribution of scorpion fauna in eastern Morocco (Arachnida, Scorpiones).

Little is known about the distribution of scorpions in eastern Morocco. Our investigations in this area showed the presence of eight species belonging to two families: Buthidae (Androctonus liouvillei, A. mauritanicus, Buthus albengai, B. confluens, B. paris) and Scorpionidae (Scorpio fuliginosus, S. hesperus, S. punicus). The geographical distribution of some collected species is discussed.
Coşar, İ. & Danışman, T. pp. 80-82.
A new salticid spider record from Turkey (Araneae, Salticidae).

The salticid spider species Pellenes moreanus Metzner, 1999 is recorded for the first time from Turkey. Its morphology is briefly described and illustrated.
Coşar, İ., Danışman, T. & Yıldıran, F.A.B. pp. 83-94.
The jumping spiders' fauna of Kırıkkale Province (Araneae, Salticidae).

In this study, jumping spider fauna of Kırıkkale was investigated and 37 species belonging to 21 genera were identified. Examined samples were collected from various localities in the region between April 2011 and August 2012. Total of 231 specimens have been collected as a result of the field studies. As a result, 4 species: Leptorchestes sikorskii Prószyński, 2000, Neaetha absheronica Logunov & Guseinov, 2002, Plexippus clemens (O.P.-Cambridge, 1872), and Synageles albotrimaculatus (Lucas, 1846) are new records for Turkey spider fauna. Systematic and faunistic data of these species as well as ecological survey notes were recorded.
Sancak, Z. & Erdek, M. pp. 95-96.
The first record of genus Acartauchenius Simon, 1884 (Araneae, Linyphiidae) in Turkey

Acartauchenius scurrilis (O.P.-Cambridge, 1872) is recorded for the first time from Turkey and is added to its araneofauna. The characteristic features and photographs of this newly recorded species are presented. The total number of linyphiid species recorded from Turkey is now 117.
El-Hennawy, H.K. pp. 97-101.
The first record of Levymanus gershomi in Saudi Arabia (Araneae, Palpimanidae).

Levymanus gershomi Zonstein & Marusik, 2013 of family Palpimanidae is recorded from Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia. It is the first record of this species outside its type locality.

Akpınar, A. & Varol, M.İ. pp. 102-104.
Two new records of genus Zodarion from Turkey (Araneae, Zodariidae).

Zodarion confusum Denis, 1935 and Z. ruffoi Caporiacco, 1951 are reported for the first time from Turkey. Digital photographs of genitalia of the newly recorded species are presented together with their zoogeographical distribution.
Namaghi, H.S., Kaykhosravi, M. & Zamani, A. pp. 105-110.
New data and records of spiders from North-Eastern Iran (Arachnida: Araneae).

This paper presents the results of a faunistic survey of spiders inhabiting agricultural crops in different locations of Razavi Khorasan province in North-Eastern Iran.  Fifteen species belonging to 15 genera of 14 families were determined. Ten species are recorded for the fauna of Razavi Khorasan for the first time, including three species namely Zelotes puritanus Chamberlin, 1922, Pardosa azerifalcata Marusik, Guseinov & Koponen, 2003 and Heliophanus aeneus (Hahn, 1832), which are recorded for the first time from Iran.
Part 3, May 2015

Bodkhe, A.K., Manthen, S.V. & Uniyal, V.P. pp. 111-115.
First record of Theridion melanostictum O.P.-Cambridge, 1876 (Araneae: Theridiidae) from India.

The spider Theridion melanostictum O.P.-Cambridge, 1876 is first time reported to Indian araneo-fauna. The present paper deals with the description of the newly recorded species from Lonar Crater Sanctuary, India. The morphological features and identification characters are presented.
El-Hennawy, H.K., Asiry, K.A.,  Desouky, M. & Al-Khuraiji, I.A. pp. 116-121.
The first record of Mermessus fradeorum (Berland, 1932) (Araneae: Linyphiidae) in Saudi Arabia.

Mermessus fradeorum (Berland, 1932) of family Linyphiidae is recorded from Saudi Arabia for the first time.
Mohafez, M.A., Ahmad, M.M., Mowafi, M.H., Sallam, G.M.E. & Zaher, I.A.I. pp. 122-127.

Life history of Geolycosa urbana (Cambridge, 1876) (Araneae: Lycosidae) reared in laboratory.

This study was conducted to rear the lycosid spider Geolycosa urbana (Cambridege, 1876) on different prey species in laboratory at temperature of 27±1°C and relative humidity of 70-80%. This spider had six spiderling instars for female (63.8 days) and five instars for male (36.8 days) before reaching adulthood. The study also showed that first spiderling instar consumed a large number of red spider mites Tetranychus urticae, while the second through fourth instars were fed on Drosophila melonogaster, but all individuals of the fifth instar were fed on the larvae and adults of the fruit fly Ceratitis capitata and house fly Musca domestica. The adult females were only fed on larvae and adults of fruit fly and house fly during the sixth spiderling instar. The life cycle and longevity periods of the spider lasted 53.22, 63.8 and 25.5, 87.75 days for male and female respectively. Forty spiderlings were reared each one alone (individual rearing).
El-Hennawy, H.K., Mohafez, M.A. & El-Gendy, A.A. pp. 128-133.
The first record of Plexippus clemens (O.P.-Cambridge, 1872) (Araneae: Salticidae) in Egypt.

Plexippus clemens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) of family Salticidae is recorded from Egypt for the first time. It is the second recorded species of genus Plexippus in Egypt.

Rizk, M.A., Ghallab, M.M. & Zaki, A.Y. pp. 134-145.
The effect of organic and conventional farming on the activity of spider assemblage (Araneae) in some medicinal plants
in Fayoum, Egypt.

Spider activity occurred in three medicinal plants, i.e. Wormwood, Daisy and Egyptian mint, with organic and inorganic fertility, was assessed using pitfall traps in Fayoum, Egypt. Community composition of the organic and the conventional cultivation of collected spiders were determined throughout the period of study using the Shannon-Wiener and Simpson Indices of diversity. A total of 387 and 350 individuals included 20 and 24 species in the organic and the conventional cultivation, respectively, of higher diversity index in the conventional system. According to Simpson, it was found that organic cultivation included the highest number of dominant species. Most species caught belonged to Family Lycosidae with especial high captures of Wadicosa fidelis and Pardosa species. Sørensen Quotient of Similarity concluded that the two communities are nearly approximate, as they recorded 64% of similarity. The monthly fluctuation of the total number of spiders showed high population in March.

Demir, H., Seyyar, O., Türker, H., Koçyiğit, H.O. & Öner, H. pp. 146-166.
The spider fauna of Melendiz Mountains, Niğde, Turkey.

Spider specimens were collected, during field studies, from Melendiz Mountains located in the province of Niğde of Turkey between June 2012 and July 2013. A total of 2631 adult specimens were studied, 129 spider species belong to 74 genera in 21 families were identified. Agelescape dunini Guseinov, Marusik & Koponen, 2005 of Family Agelenidae and Euryopis laeta (Westring, 1861) of Family Theridiidae are recorded for the first time from Turkey.

Part 4, November 2015

Lourenço, W.R. pp. 167-175.
A new species of Androctonus Ehrenberg, 1828 from the Aïr Massif in Niger (Scorpiones: Buthidae).

A new species of scorpion belonging to the genus Androctonus Ehrenberg, 1828 (Family Buthidae C.L. Koch, 1837) is described on the basis of one male specimen collected in the Aïr Massif in Niger. This population was previously associated with Androctonus hoggarensis (Pallary, 1929), originally described from the Hoggar Mountains in Algeria. A more precise analysis of several morphological characters from these rare Androctonus populations, attests for some important differences between the two species. As in previous studied cases, these Saharan Massifs prove to be very important endemic centres within the Sahara desert.
Demircan, N. & Topçu, A. pp. 176-183.
A contribution to the spider fauna of the European part of Turkey (Araneae).

This paper reports ten species for the first time from the European part of Turkey: Anagraphis ochracea (L. Koch, 1867) (F. Gnaphosidae), Centromerus valkanovi Deltshev, 1943 (F. Linyphiidae), Harpactea clementi Bosmans, 2009 and Harpactea strandjica Dimitrov, 1997 (F. Dysderidae), Inermocoelotes karlinskii (Kulczyński, 1906) and Textrix chyzeri de Blauwe, 1980 (F. Agelenidae), Ozyptila confluens (C.L. Koch, 1845) (F. Thomisidae), Piratula knorri (Scopoli, 1763) (F. Lycosidae), Pseudeuophrys vafra (Blackwall, 1867) (F. Salticidae), and Titanoeca quadriguttata (Hahn, 1833) (F. Titanoecidae). All species except the last one, T. quadriguttata, are new to the Turkish araneofauna. Their morphology is briefly described and illustrated.
Najim, S.A., Al-Hadlak, K.S. & Seyyar, O. pp. 184-188.
A new species of the genus Enoplognatha Pavesi, 1880 (Araneae: Theridiidae) from Iraq. 

Enoplognatha iraqi sp. n. is described and illustrated from Iraq. Pictures of the male palp and female epigyne are presented with a description of the new species. Differences between the new species and related species are discussed.
Metwally, A.M., Mohafez, M.A., El-Danasory, M.A. & El-Gendy, A.A. pp. 189-195.
Notes on the biology of Latrodectus tredecimguttatus (Rossi, 1790) (Araneae: Theridiidae). 

This study was conducted to study the duration of Latrodectus tredecimguttatus (Rossi, 1790), Family Theridiidae. This species was found among and under stones on the ground in a mango orchard in Sadat City, El-Menoufiya Governorate, Egypt. Its life cycle was studied under laboratory conditions on different prey species at temperature of 27±2°C and relative humidity of 60-70%. One hundred and three spiderlings were reared each one alone. Males pass through four to five spiderling instars and females pass through eight ones before reaching adulthood with the life cycle averaged 107.83 days for males and 215.16 days for females. Obtained data showed that the first and second spiderling instars consumed the largest number of prey species Jassid, Aphis spp., and 1st–3rd instars of larvae of Spodopetra littoralis, while the third and fourth spiderling instars fed on the 1s–3rd instars of larvae of S. littoralis and larvae of Galleria mellonella. From fifth spiderling instars to adult, the individuals fed on different stages of larvae and adults of S. littoralis and larvae of G. mellonella. On the other hand, the adult spider males and females fed on the different stages of S. littoralis and G. mellonella during the lifespan. The life cycle and longevity periods of the spider lasted 107.83 & 75.17 and 215.16 & 87.45 days for male and female, respectively. 

El-Hennawy, H.K. pp. 196-201.
The first record of Trachelas minor (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872) (Araneae: Trachelidae) in Egypt.

Trachelas minor O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872 is recorded from Egypt for the first time. It is the first record of both the species and genus Trachelas L. Koch, 1872, in addition to Family Trachelidae Simon, 1897, in Egypt.
Uyar, Z., Bosmans, R. & Uğurtaş, İ.H. pp. 202-208.
New localities of cobweb spiders (Araneae: Theridiidae) in West Anatolia, Turkey.

A list of 16 species of Family Theridiidae collected at 27 localities in west Anatolia, Turkey is presented. New localities of the spider fauna of Turkey have been done for the following five species: Enoplognatha afrodite Hippa & Oksala, 1983; Euryopis episinoides (Walckenaer, 1847); Heterotheridion nigrovariegatum (Simon, 1873); Theridion adrianopoli Drensky, 1915; Theridion pinastri L. Koch, 1872.

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