Abstracts Volume 14

Abstracts Volume 14

Part 1, May 2014

Bragina, T.M. & Yağmur, E.A. pp. 1-5.
New data on the distribution of Mesobuthus eupeus thersites (C.L. Koch, 1839) (Scorpiones: Buthidae) in Central Kazakhstan.

New data on the distribution of Mesobuthus eupeus thersites (C.L. Koch, 1839) (Buthidae) in Central Kazakhstan is presented. It is one of the most northern areas where this species was found in Asia. The species was collected in the south of Kostanay Province in the new protected area, Altyn Dala State Reservat (protected area established in 2012). The map with data of this species' distribution in Kazakhstan and in new areas is given with photographs.
Rossi, A. pp. 6-14.
The fragmented peri-Saharan distribution of the subgenus Pandinurus Fet, 1997 with the description of a new species from Chad (Scorpiones, Scorpionidae, Pandinus).

Despite their large size, the scorpions of the genus Pandinus Thorell, 1876 are surprisingly not sufficiently recorded in the African countries. This is particular true for the species that inhabit the Sahel zone, which seem to be very rare. The peri-Saharan pattern of distribution of the subgenus Pandinurus Fet, 1997 is very fragmented and this reflects the presence of endemic species such as the recent discovered Pandinus nistriae Rossi, 2014 in the northern Djibouti, where this genus was never recorded. In the present study, an additional new species, Pandinus (Pandinurus) vachoni, is described from Chad to represent the most western species of the subgenus Pandinurus ever recorded.
Zamani, A. pp. 15-18.
The first record of family Segestriidae Simon, 1893 (Araneae: Dysderoidea) from Iran.

The family Segestriidae Simon, 1893 and the species Segestria senoculata (Linnaeus, 1758) are recorded in Iran for the first time, based on a single female specimen.
Allahverdi, H. & Gündüz, G. pp. 19-21.
A new record for the araneofauna of Turkey (Araneae: Salticidae).

The salticid spider species, Pellenes epularis (O.P.-Cambridge, 1872) is recorded for the first time from Turkey. Its morphology is briefly discussed. Diagnostic description and pictures of general habitus and male palpal organ are presented.
El-Hennawy, H.K. pp. 22-58.
Preliminary list of spiders and other arachnids of Saudi Arabia (Except ticks and mites).

Seven orders of class Arachnida were recorded from Saudi Arabia; in addition to Acari (ticks and mites are outside the scope of this work). They are: Araneae (25 Families, 69 genera, 77 species), Scorpiones (3 Families, 14 genera, 23 species), Pseudoscorpiones (5 Families, 11 genera, 19 species), Solifugae (4 Families, 8 genera, 15 species), Opiliones (1 Family, 1 genus, 1 species), Palpigradi (1 Family, 1 genus, 1 species), and Amblypygi (1 Family, 1 genus, 1 species). The total is: 40 Families, 105 genera, 137 species. Each order section includes recorded taxa with their localities, list of species, and keys to families of spiders, scorpions, pseudoscorpions, and sun-spiders.
Four spider families (Araneidae, Corinnidae, Oonopidae, Palpimanidae), 7 genera [Arctosa ? (Lycosidae), Micaria (Gnaphosidae), Oecobius (Oecobiidae), Oxyopes (Oxyopidae), Runcinia (Thomisidae), Thanatus & Tibellus (Philodromidae)], and 2 species [Tibellus vossioni Simon, 1884 (Philodromidae) and Runcinia grammica (C.L Koch, 1837) (Thomisidae)] are recorded from Saudi Arabia for the first time.
Notes on four species, Runcinia grammica (Thomisidae), Tibellus vossioni (Philodromidae), Pterotricha dalmasi (Gnaphosidae), and Eusparassus laevatus (Sparassidae), are included with pictures of habitus, palpal organ and epigynum of these species.
Sallam, G.M.E., Abd El-Azim, N.A.I. & Mohafez, M.A. pp. 59-62.
Life cycle of Uroctea limbata (C.L. Koch, 1843) in Egypt (Araneae: Oecobiidae).

Uroctea limbata (C.L. Koch, 1843) spiders, of family Oecobiidae, were collected from greenhouses in Giza Governorate, Egypt. Its life cycle was studied in laboratory. Males reached maturity after 6-7 spiderling instars (230.7±3.4 days), and females after 7-8 spiderling instars (273.1±3.1 days). Spiders were fed on different instars of the cotton leaf worm. Food consumption and mating behaviour were observed. This study is a necessary step to know the role of U. limbata in biological control especially in greenhouses.

Part 2, November 2014

Danışman, T., Gündüz, G., Bayram, A., Coşar, İ. & Allahverdi, H. pp. 63-67.

Contributions to the knowledge of dictynid spider fauna of Turkey (Araneae, Dictynidae).

Three dictynid spider species, Altella lucida (Simon, 1874), Brommella falcigera (Balogh, 1935), and Lathys lehtineni Kovblyuk, Kastrygina & Omelko, 2014 are reported for the first time from Turkey. Their morphology is briefly described and illustrated.


Danışman, T. pp. 68-70.
First record of the linyphiid spider Walckenaeria furcillata (Menge, 1869) (Araneae, Linyphiidae) in Turkey.

This short paper reports the linyphiid species Walckenaeria furcillata (Menge, 1869) as new for the Turkish spider fauna. Its characteristic features and photographs are presented. The total number of linyphiid species recorded from Turkey is now 117.
Danışman, T. & Coşar, İ. pp. 71-72.
A poorly known species of the spider genus Araeoncus Simon, 1884 (Araneae, Linyphiidae) in Turkey.

A little known linyphiid spider species, Araeoncus tauricus Gnelitsa, 2005 is recorded for the first time from Turkey. Its morphology is briefly described and illustrated.
Touloun, O., Elhidan, M.A. & Boumezzough, A. pp.73-79.
Inventory and distribution of scorpion fauna in eastern Morocco (Arachnida, Scorpiones).

Little is known about the distribution of scorpions in eastern Morocco. Our investigations in this area showed the presence of eight species belonging to two families: Buthidae (Androctonus liouvillei, A. mauritanicus, Buthus albengai, B. confluens, B. paris) and Scorpionidae (Scorpio fuliginosus, S. hesperus, S. punicus). The geographical distribution of some collected species is discussed.
Coşar, İ. & Danışman, T. pp. 80-82.
A new salticid spider record from Turkey (Araneae, Salticidae).

The salticid spider species Pellenes moreanus Metzner, 1999 is recorded for the first time from Turkey. Its morphology is briefly described and illustrated.
Coşar, İ., Danışman, T. & Yıldıran, F.A.B. pp. 83-94.
The jumping spiders' fauna of Kırıkkale Province (Araneae, Salticidae).

In this study, jumping spider fauna of Kırıkkale was investigated and 37 species belonging to 21 genera were identified. Examined samples were collected from various localities in the region between April 2011 and August 2012. Total of 231 specimens have been collected as a result of the field studies. As a result, 4 species: Leptorchestes sikorskii Prószyński, 2000, Neaetha absheronica Logunov & Guseinov, 2002, Plexippus clemens (O.P.-Cambridge, 1872), and Synageles albotrimaculatus (Lucas, 1846) are new records for Turkey spider fauna. Systematic and faunistic data of these species as well as ecological survey notes were recorded.
Sancak, Z. & Erdek, M. pp. 95-96.
The first record of genus Acartauchenius Simon, 1884 (Araneae, Linyphiidae) in Turkey

Acartauchenius scurrilis (O.P.-Cambridge, 1872) is recorded for the first time from Turkey and is added to its araneofauna. The characteristic features and photographs of this newly recorded species are presented. The total number of linyphiid species recorded from Turkey is now 117.
El-Hennawy, H.K. pp. 97-101.
The first record of Levymanus gershomi in Saudi Arabia (Araneae, Palpimanidae).

Levymanus gershomi Zonstein & Marusik, 2013 of family Palpimanidae is recorded from Al-Baha, Saudi Arabia. It is the first record of this species outside its type locality.

Akpınar, A. & Varol, M.İ. pp. 102-104.
Two new records of genus Zodarion from Turkey (Araneae, Zodariidae).

Zodarion confusum Denis, 1935 and Z. ruffoi Caporiacco, 1951 are reported for the first time from Turkey. Digital photographs of genitalia of the newly recorded species are presented together with their zoogeographical distribution.
Namaghi, H.S., Kaykhosravi, M. & Zamani, A. pp. 105-110.
New data and records of spiders from North-Eastern Iran (Arachnida: Araneae).

This paper presents the results of a faunistic survey of spiders inhabiting agricultural crops in different locations of Razavi Khorasan province in North-Eastern Iran.  Fifteen species belonging to 15 genera of 14 families were determined. Ten species are recorded for the fauna of Razavi Khorasan for the first time, including three species namely Zelotes puritanus Chamberlin, 1922, Pardosa azerifalcata Marusik, Guseinov & Koponen, 2003 and Heliophanus aeneus (Hahn, 1832), which are recorded for the first time from Iran.
Part 3, May 2015

Bodkhe, A.K., Manthen, S.V. & Uniyal, V.P. pp. 111-115.
First record of Theridion melanostictum O.P.-Cambridge, 1876 (Araneae: Theridiidae) from India.

The spider Theridion melanostictum O.P.-Cambridge, 1876 is first time reported to Indian araneo-fauna. The present paper deals with the description of the newly recorded species from Lonar Crater Sanctuary, India. The morphological features and identification characters are presented.
El-Hennawy, H.K., Asiry, K.A.,  Desouky, M. & Al-Khuraiji, I.A. pp. 116-121.
The first record of Mermessus fradeorum (Berland, 1932) (Araneae: Linyphiidae) in Saudi Arabia.

Mermessus fradeorum (Berland, 1932) of family Linyphiidae is recorded from Saudi Arabia for the first time.
Mohafez, M.A., Ahmad, M.M., Mowafi, M.H., Sallam, G.M.E. & Zaher, I.A.I. pp. 122-127.

Life history of Geolycosa urbana (Cambridge, 1876) (Araneae: Lycosidae) reared in laboratory.

This study was conducted to rear the lycosid spider Geolycosa urbana (Cambridege, 1876) on different prey species in laboratory at temperature of 27±1°C and relative humidity of 70-80%. This spider had six spiderling instars for female (63.8 days) and five instars for male (36.8 days) before reaching adulthood. The study also showed that first spiderling instar consumed a large number of red spider mites Tetranychus urticae, while the second through fourth instars were fed on Drosophila melonogaster, but all individuals of the fifth instar were fed on the larvae and adults of the fruit fly Ceratitis capitata and house fly Musca domestica. The adult females were only fed on larvae and adults of fruit fly and house fly during the sixth spiderling instar. The life cycle and longevity periods of the spider lasted 53.22, 63.8 and 25.5, 87.75 days for male and female respectively. Forty spiderlings were reared each one alone (individual rearing).
El-Hennawy, H.K., Mohafez, M.A. & El-Gendy, A.A. pp. 128-133.
The first record of Plexippus clemens (O.P.-Cambridge, 1872) (Araneae: Salticidae) in Egypt.

Plexippus clemens (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872) of family Salticidae is recorded from Egypt for the first time. It is the second recorded species of genus Plexippus in Egypt.

Rizk, M.A., Ghallab, M.M. & Zaki, A.Y. pp. 134-145.
The effect of organic and conventional farming on the activity of spider assemblage (Araneae) in some medicinal plants
in Fayoum, Egypt.

Spider activity occurred in three medicinal plants, i.e. Wormwood, Daisy and Egyptian mint, with organic and inorganic fertility, was assessed using pitfall traps in Fayoum, Egypt. Community composition of the organic and the conventional cultivation of collected spiders were determined throughout the period of study using the Shannon-Wiener and Simpson Indices of diversity. A total of 387 and 350 individuals included 20 and 24 species in the organic and the conventional cultivation, respectively, of higher diversity index in the conventional system. According to Simpson, it was found that organic cultivation included the highest number of dominant species. Most species caught belonged to Family Lycosidae with especial high captures of Wadicosa fidelis and Pardosa species. Sørensen Quotient of Similarity concluded that the two communities are nearly approximate, as they recorded 64% of similarity. The monthly fluctuation of the total number of spiders showed high population in March.

Demir, H., Seyyar, O., Türker, H., Koçyiğit, H.O. & Öner, H. pp. 146-166.
The spider fauna of Melendiz Mountains, Niğde, Turkey.

Spider specimens were collected, during field studies, from Melendiz Mountains located in the province of Niğde of Turkey between June 2012 and July 2013. A total of 2631 adult specimens were studied, 129 spider species belong to 74 genera in 21 families were identified. Agelescape dunini Guseinov, Marusik & Koponen, 2005 of Family Agelenidae and Euryopis laeta (Westring, 1861) of Family Theridiidae are recorded for the first time from Turkey.

Part 4, November 2015

Lourenço, W.R. pp. 167-175.
A new species of Androctonus Ehrenberg, 1828 from the Aïr Massif in Niger (Scorpiones: Buthidae).

A new species of scorpion belonging to the genus Androctonus Ehrenberg, 1828 (Family Buthidae C.L. Koch, 1837) is described on the basis of one male specimen collected in the Aïr Massif in Niger. This population was previously associated with Androctonus hoggarensis (Pallary, 1929), originally described from the Hoggar Mountains in Algeria. A more precise analysis of several morphological characters from these rare Androctonus populations, attests for some important differences between the two species. As in previous studied cases, these Saharan Massifs prove to be very important endemic centres within the Sahara desert.
Demircan, N. & Topçu, A. pp. 176-183.
A contribution to the spider fauna of the European part of Turkey (Araneae).

This paper reports ten species for the first time from the European part of Turkey: Anagraphis ochracea (L. Koch, 1867) (F. Gnaphosidae), Centromerus valkanovi Deltshev, 1943 (F. Linyphiidae), Harpactea clementi Bosmans, 2009 and Harpactea strandjica Dimitrov, 1997 (F. Dysderidae), Inermocoelotes karlinskii (Kulczyński, 1906) and Textrix chyzeri de Blauwe, 1980 (F. Agelenidae), Ozyptila confluens (C.L. Koch, 1845) (F. Thomisidae), Piratula knorri (Scopoli, 1763) (F. Lycosidae), Pseudeuophrys vafra (Blackwall, 1867) (F. Salticidae), and Titanoeca quadriguttata (Hahn, 1833) (F. Titanoecidae). All species except the last one, T. quadriguttata, are new to the Turkish araneofauna. Their morphology is briefly described and illustrated.
Najim, S.A., Al-Hadlak, K.S. & Seyyar, O. pp. 184-188.
A new species of the genus Enoplognatha Pavesi, 1880 (Araneae: Theridiidae) from Iraq. 

Enoplognatha iraqi sp. n. is described and illustrated from Iraq. Pictures of the male palp and female epigyne are presented with a description of the new species. Differences between the new species and related species are discussed.
Metwally, A.M., Mohafez, M.A., El-Danasory, M.A. & El-Gendy, A.A. pp. 189-195.
Notes on the biology of Latrodectus tredecimguttatus (Rossi, 1790) (Araneae: Theridiidae). 

This study was conducted to study the duration of Latrodectus tredecimguttatus (Rossi, 1790), Family Theridiidae. This species was found among and under stones on the ground in a mango orchard in Sadat City, El-Menoufiya Governorate, Egypt. Its life cycle was studied under laboratory conditions on different prey species at temperature of 27±2°C and relative humidity of 60-70%. One hundred and three spiderlings were reared each one alone. Males pass through four to five spiderling instars and females pass through eight ones before reaching adulthood with the life cycle averaged 107.83 days for males and 215.16 days for females. Obtained data showed that the first and second spiderling instars consumed the largest number of prey species Jassid, Aphis spp., and 1st–3rd instars of larvae of Spodopetra littoralis, while the third and fourth spiderling instars fed on the 1s–3rd instars of larvae of S. littoralis and larvae of Galleria mellonella. From fifth spiderling instars to adult, the individuals fed on different stages of larvae and adults of S. littoralis and larvae of G. mellonella. On the other hand, the adult spider males and females fed on the different stages of S. littoralis and G. mellonella during the lifespan. The life cycle and longevity periods of the spider lasted 107.83 & 75.17 and 215.16 & 87.45 days for male and female, respectively. 

El-Hennawy, H.K. pp. 196-201.
The first record of Trachelas minor (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872) (Araneae: Trachelidae) in Egypt.

Trachelas minor O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872 is recorded from Egypt for the first time. It is the first record of both the species and genus Trachelas L. Koch, 1872, in addition to Family Trachelidae Simon, 1897, in Egypt.
Uyar, Z., Bosmans, R. & Uğurtaş, İ.H. pp. 202-208.
New localities of cobweb spiders (Araneae: Theridiidae) in West Anatolia, Turkey.

A list of 16 species of Family Theridiidae collected at 27 localities in west Anatolia, Turkey is presented. New localities of the spider fauna of Turkey have been done for the following five species: Enoplognatha afrodite Hippa & Oksala, 1983; Euryopis episinoides (Walckenaer, 1847); Heterotheridion nigrovariegatum (Simon, 1873); Theridion adrianopoli Drensky, 1915; Theridion pinastri L. Koch, 1872.

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